Contact

Dr. Marie-Reine Bteich
Istituto Agronomico Mediterraneo di Bari (IAMB)
Via Ceglie, 9
70010 Valenzano
Italy
Tel. +39 080 4606356
Fax +39 080 4606210
E-Mail bteich(at)iamb.it
Internet www.iamb.it

Contact

Dr. Patrizia Pugliese
Istituto Agronomico Mediterraneo di Bari (IAMB)
Via Ceglie, 9
70010 Valenzano
Italy
Tel. +39 080 4606252
Fax +39 080 4606210
pugliese(at)iamb.it
www.iamb.it

Contact

Dr. Lina Al-Bitar
Istituto Agronomico Mediterraneo di Bari (IAMB)
Via Ceglie, 9
70010 Valenzano
Italy
Tel. +39 080 4606254
Fax +39 080 4606210
albitar(at)iamb.it
www.iamb.it

Research in organic agriculture across the Mediterranean Basin: Actors, structures and topics

In 2010 a study on Research in the Mediterranean countries was published by the Mediterraean Agronomic Institute in Bari (IAMB) in collaboration with the Mediterranean Organic Agriculture Network (MOAN).

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The Mediterranean region is richly productive, with a wide diversity of agricultural crops. Organic agricultural research in Europe has historically concentrated on the humid temperate farming systems in Northern Europe.

However, the strong growth in organic agriculture has created an interest in research in farming systems in Southern Europe, Northern Africa, and the parts of Asia referred to as the Near and Middle East. With its seasonal rainfall, higher mean temperatures, and distinctive ecology, organic agriculture requires a different approach than what is practiced in other regions. Soil fertility management, pests, and diseases all present unique challenges to organic farmers.

The authors have compiled a summary of organic agriculture research in the Mediterranean region, with a directory of projects undertaken in the different countries. While the research summary shows programs are mostly at a formative stage, the trend is unmistakably growing.

Most research is concentrated in the European Union (EU) member states of Italy and France. Among non-EU countries, Turkey appears to have the most highly developed program.

The directory lacks easy access to the various programs and projects, but still provides a useful guide to those interested in the field. Furthermore it would be good to have an exploration of parallel efforts in Mediterranean climates in Australia, North and South America, and South Africa. This landmark study can be accessed on-line at the website of the Mediterranean Organic Agriculture Network (MOAN).

Text: Brian Baker

Further information

Contact

  • Marie Reine Bteich, IAM Bari, Italy
  • Patrizia Pugliese, IAM Bari, Italy
  • Lina Al Bitar, IAM Bari, Italy

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