Project info

Logo FERTILCROP - A European Network

Fertility Building Management Measures in Organic Cropping Systems – FertilCrop

Funding: CORE Organic Plus Funding Bodies, being partners of the FP7 ERA-Net project CORE Organic Plus.

Project coordinator: Dr. Andreas Fliessbach, Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL, Switzerland

Deputy coordinator: Dr. Jørgen Olesen, Department of Agroecology - Climate and Wate, Aarhus University, Tjele, Denmark

Duration: 2015–2017

URL www.fertilcrop.net

New FertilCrop paper: Long-Term Management Affects the Community Composition of Arable Soil Seedbanks

Recently a paper from the FertilCrop project was published.

(24.02.2017) 

The intensification of farming practices has reduced weed infestations, but it has also led to a reduc-tion in weed diversity and changes in species composition. These effects are well described for aboveground flora; however, it is less clear how these effects might be expressed in the soil weed seedbank. We evaluated the effects of different long-term farm management strategies on the weed seedbank abundance, diversity, and community composition in the DOK (bioDynamic, bioOrganic, and Konventionell) field trial established in 1978 at Therwil, Switzerland. The trial compares biodynamic, organic, and conventional farming systems, which mainly differ in fertilization, weed control strategies, and pest control. The species richness and seed abundance of the weed seedbank were higher in the organic and biodynamic systems compared with the conventional ones. The different farming systems favored shifts in species assemblages, because specific management practices, such as herbicide application and type of fertilization, acted as filters  that selected against certain species but promoted others that were more adapted.

Quote

Roser Rotchés-Ribalta, Laura Armengot, Paul Mäder, Jochen Mayer, and Francesc Xavier Sans (2017): Long-Term Management Affects the Community Composition of Arable Soil Seedbanks. Weed Science
2017 65:73–82